Regarded as the southernmost part of Wembley, Alperton was once the smelliest place in Middlesex
First recorded in 1199 as Alprinton, this place may have originally been an ‘estate associated with a man called Ealhbeorht’ – or it may have been a farmstead where apples were grown.
By 1433 the village had a wooden bridge across the River Brent. Stag hunting was a popular pursuit hereabouts in Tudor and Stuart times.
Alperton’s transformation began with the arrival of the Grand Junction (now Grand Union) Canal in 1801. Pleasure boats brought day-trippers and anglers. Brickworks were established, shipping their products by barge, as did farmers with hay for London’s horses.
By the mid-19th century Alperton had become the most industrialised village in the Wembley area, reeking of horse manure, sewage and pig dung and polluted by dusty brickfields.
Tile and brick making ceased around 1890 and the newly created Wembley urban district council helped to clean up the noxious industries from 1894. Alperton’s station opened in 1903, originally as Perivale-Alperton.
Early 20th-century businesses included mushroom cultivation and the manufacture of rubber products, fireproofing and Wooler’s ‘Flying Banana’ motorcycles. The construction of the North Circular Road brought more industry in the 1920s and 30s.
The district was almost fully built up by 1933 but underwent a decline after the Second World War, with a fall in population. From the 1970s East African Asians, many of Gujarati origin, began to move to Alperton. The new community brought a revival to the shopping parade on Ealing Road, selling a variety of specialist products – especially jewellery, sometimes crafted at home. The locality has been called an ‘Asian Hatton Garden’.
Built on the newly opened North Circular in the 1920s, the Ace Café is located near the Park Royal junction, on the Alperton/Stonebridge border. It achieved legendary status as a bikers’ hangout in the fifties and sixties, visited by rock ’n’ roll luminaries like Gene Vincent and Billy Fury. The café closed in 1969 but reopened in 2001 after a total refit.
In March 2018 Andria Zafirakou, who teaches art and textiles at Alperton community school, became the first UK winner of the Global Teacher Prize, an award worth $1m.
Postcode area: Wembley, HA0
Population: 14,017 (2011 census)
Station: Piccadilly line (zone 4)
Further reading: MC Barrès-Baker, Alperton, Grange Museum of Community History and Brent Archive, 2001