Bedford Hill

Bedford Hill, Wandsworth

A curving, one-mile road connecting Balham with Streatham, via Tooting Bec Common

Generously proportioned red-brick houses, part of the Bedford Hill estate
Generously proportioned properties on Bedford Hill, just south of its junction with Dornton Road

Originally a private drive leading to the long-gone Bedfordhill House, Bedford Hill takes its name from the dukes of Bedford, who owned an estate here in the 18th century.

The Priory is a Gothic villa built in 1822 on the edge of Tooting Bec Common, and a rare survivor of its kind. The house was the scene of the mysterious death of Charles Bravo in 1876. Bravo was probably poisoned by his wife but there were other suspects with their own potential motives. No one was ever convicted of the crime, which has since been the subject of print and television investigations.

Most of the hill was built up in the last quarter of the 19th century, notably by Alfred and George Heaver, whose Bedford Hill estate consisted of six roads of generously proportioned red-brick houses. The Priory was converted to flats in 1982, and houses have been built in its grounds.

In the 1980s Bedford Hill became south London’s best-known red-light district – but heavy policing subsequently reduced streetwalking to a very low level.

Plans to turn a minor offenders’ hostel into a rehabilitation unit for dangerous offenders, including rapists and paedophiles, prompted demonstrations and blockades in 2001; the Home Office subsequently put the proposal on ice.

Many of the shops and eateries at the southern end of Bedford Hill have soared upmarket in recent years, in line with Balham’s growing trendiness. The Bedford, at 77 Bedford Hill, is a former Evening Standard pub of the year that once had a seedy reputation. Nowadays it’s a popular venue for live music, comedy and other forms of entertainment.

Postal districts: SW12, SW17 and SW16
Population: 14,575 (Bedford ward, 2011 census)