Copenhagen

Copenhagen, Islington

A designation sometimes applied (but no longer formally) to the area encompassing Islington’s Barnsbury and Thornhill wards, north and east of King’s Cross


Clock Tower - Caledonian Park
The old market clock­tower is now the centrepiece of Caledonian Park *

The locality’s name derives from Copenhagen House, a 17th-century residence of the Danish ambas­sador.

In the late 18th century Copenhagen Fields became a popular venue for radical demon­stra­tions. In 1795 two such protests were attended by crowds of over 100,000, and one was followed by rioting in central London. On 21 April 1834 thousands marched from Copenhagen Fields in support of the Tolpuddle Martyrs, who had been sentenced to trans­port­ation to Australia for forming a trade union.

Copenhagen House was demol­ished in 1852, when the market for live animals trans­ferred here from Smithfield. This was not a great success and was replaced for the first half of the 20th-century by the Caledonian market, at which second-hand goods were sold.

Much of the site is now occupied by council-built housing, and Barnard Park on Copenhagen Street and Caledonian Park on Market Road are the area’s largest remaining open spaces.

The once-central market clock­tower survives in Caledonian Park. Its base was originally surrounded by the market’s banking and telegraph offices but only the tower’s buttresses now remain. The clocktower’s location is marked with a pin on the map below.

Copenhagen Fields’ is the name of a magnificent 2mm-to-the-foot scale layout by the Model Railway Club. The model is set in the 1920–1930 period, in the area near the MRC headquarters in Calshot Street, and includes Copenhagen Fields and the approaches to King’s Cross, as well as the cattle market, Caledonian Road and its station, with working underground line.

Postal district: N1

 

* The picture of the Clock Tower, Caledonian Park on this page is adapted from an original photograph, copyright Julian Osley, at Geograph Britain and Ireland, made available under the Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic Licence. Any subsequent reuse is hereby freely permitted under the terms of that licence.