Mortlake, Richmond upon Thames
A Thames-side settlement with a proud industrial past, situated opposite the tip of the Chiswick peninsula
Domesday Book recorded the presence of a fishery here and Mortlake’s name probably derives from the Old English words ‘mort’, a young salmon, and ‘lacu’, a small stream (since lost).
Although the manor of Mortlake was extensive, the village consisted of just a few riverside houses on a single street until 1619, when James I provided financial backing for the establishment of a tapestry works employing Flemish weavers. Charles I bought out the enterprise in 1636. The following year the king made himself less popular by compulsorily purchasing 732 acres of the parish as part of his vast new hunting ground at Richmond Park.
Later in the 17th century the village gained a sugar refinery and several maltings but the tapestry works closed in 1703. Around 1743 John Sanders founded his Mortlake pottery, becoming London’s largest manufacturer of stoneware. Joseph Kishere, a former employee at Sanders’ pottery, subsequently established his own pottery on the south side of the high street, making decorative pots known as Kishereware.
During the latter part of the 18th century, when some fine houses were being erected by the river, James Weatherstone ran a successful brewery that he extended to the waterfront in 1807. The business went on to benefit from lucrative contracts to supply the British army in India with pale ale and was subsequently acquired by Watney’s.
The first varsity boat race was the result of a challenge issued to Oxford by Cambridge in 1829 and was rowed on the Thames at Henley. The second race was staged in 1836 between Westminster and Putney. Today the four-and-a-quarter mile course, which was first used in 1845, starts from the west side of Putney Bridge and finishes by the Ship, a 16th-century inn situated just short of Chiswick Bridge. Its location is marked near the top left corner of the map below.
Mortlake’s entrepreneurial achievements continued when Richard Wesley Gale began bottling his prize honey here in 1919.
JMW Turner painted views of and from The Limes for the house’s owner, William Moffatt. The Limes served as Mortlake town hall from 1895 until it was damaged by a bomb in 1940 and has been used as offices since its restoration. Turner’s paintings are now in New York’s Frick Collection and Washington’s National Gallery of Art.
A road-widening scheme spoilt the High Street in the 1960s but this failed to dent Mortlake’s popularity with home-buyers (who tend to be middle aged and in secure jobs in the Mortlake and Barnes Common ward) and by the end of the 20th century many former amenities and commercial premises had been replaced by apartments.
Shown in the photograph at the top of the page, the Stag brewery was the last significant industrial enterprise operating in Mortlake, making Budweiser lager in its latter days. In late 2015 the 21-acre plot was sold to Reselton Properties, a subsidiary of City Developments of Singapore. Hopefully, the main brewery building will survive Reselton’s residential-led redevelopment, albeit as a block of upmarket flats. Elsewhere on the site there will be high-density homes as well as restaurants, shops, community leisure facilities, boathouses and perhaps (just perhaps) a museum. The ultimate value of the scheme has been estimated to be in excess of £1 billion.
Postal district: SW14
Population: 10,919 (Mortlake and Barnes Common ward, 2011 census)
Station South West Trains (zone 3)
Further reading: Maisie Brown, Barnes and Mortlake Past, Historical Publications, 1997