Rainham

Rainham, Havering

A residential district lying south of Hornchurch, interspersed with commerce and industry, particularly along New Road

Rainham church of St Helen and St Giles - Fay1982

Because of its situation beside the Ingrebourne River, with access to the Thames via Rainham Creek, there appears to have been human occupation of this area virtually since the ice retreated. Prehistoric imple­ments have been found in Rainham Marshes and there is evidence of a Saxon burial ground. The name is probably a corruption of Reoginga-ham, from the Old English for ‘settlement of the ruling people’.

The church of St Helen and St Giles was built c.1178 by Richard de Lucy, who also founded Lesnes Abbey on the other side of the Thames. It has survived (unlike the abbey) as one of the best preserved medieval struc­tures in outer east London.

The 18th-century Rainham Hall now belongs to the National Trust
The 18th-century Rainham Hall now belongs to the National Trust

Rainham Hall was built in 1729 for John Harle, a sea captain from South Shields who had married a Stepney widow and acquired Rainham Wharf. This compact red-brick house is a relat­ively late example of the English domestic baroque style.

Rainham grew rapidly from the end of the 19th century, following the typical pattern that begins with larger villas for the well-off and then gives way to cheaper accom­mod­ation for the masses as advance­ments in transport provide improved access­ib­ility.

Between 1945 and the end of the century Rainham doubled in size as a result of the seemingly uncon­trolled construction of housing on former farmland north of the A13, where there is also a large Jewish cemetery. Beyond this is Launders Lane, where London’s only road bowling contests used to take place on Sunday after­noons until a few years ago.

Rainham Hall was given to the National Trust in 1949. A £2.5m restor­ation project was completed in 2015 and the house is now open more often than it used to be, with increased community involvement.

There are suffi­cient remaining elements of old Rainham to suggest what a charming marshland village this once was, but these have been engulfed by unsightly additions from the second half of the 20th century. Rainham Hall and the neigh­bouring church, for example, gaze across the road at a library and social services offices that are truly offensive.

Postcode area: Rainham, RM13
Population: 12,482 (Rainham and Wennington ward, 2011 census)
Station: c2c (zone 6)
Further reading: Sue Curtis, Dagenham and Rainham Past, Phillimore, 2000
and Jenny Collett, Rainham Hall, History Press for the National Trust, 2015

 

* The picture of the church of St Helen and St Giles at the top of this page is adapted from an original photograph by ‘Fay1982’ at Wikimedia Commons, made available under the Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported licence. Any subsequent reuse is hereby freely permitted under the terms of that licence.