A housing estate built (and then radically rebuilt) on land that was part of Croydon Airport until it closed in 1959
After the Second World War Roundshaw Park was created at the western edge of Croydon Airport, serving as an amenity for the residents of South Beddington (nowadays thought of as part of Wallington). The park was named after the Round Shaw, a clump of trees that were once surrounded by open farmland but now constitute the north-west tip of Roundshaw Park’s woodland.
The Roundshaw estate was built in 1965–7 and named after the park. The names of the estate’s streets – and some of its buildings – commemorate aviation companies, aircraft and individual pioneers associated with Croydon Airport.
Roundshaw’s first tenants came from within the borough but the Greater London Council later took responsibility for part of the estate, rehousing East Enders here. Although unpopular with its neighbours, Roundshaw was at first perceived as a ‘luxury estate’, with spacious accommodation and centrally supplied heating and hot water. Rents were relatively high.
To the south, the Apeldoorn estate was built privately on council land in the 1980s but its house prices were out of the reach of most Roundshaw tenants.
Within a decade of the Roundshaw estate’s construction deficiencies in build quality had become obvious, and antisocial behaviour led to (exaggerated) talk of a ‘no go zone’ in the late 20th century.
Sutton council eventually addressed the root problems of the original estate with a comprehensive regeneration programme involving private builders and social housing groups.
Over 1,000 high-rise pre-cast concrete units were demolished and replaced with a similar number of low-rise houses and flats built in traditional street patterns, allowing all the current residents to remain on the estate if they wished. A further 674 low rise homes were retained and refurbished.
The estate’s 1,700 properties are now managed by Roundshaw Homes (a partnership between Metropolitan and the Hyde Group) and include 1,400 homes for rent and 120 shared ownership homes, of which 50 are reserved for key workers.
Roundshaw Downs (extending beyond the south-east corner of the map below) is a local nature reserve covering about 94 acres, the largest area of unimproved chalk grassland in the borough. Most of the downs were once part of the airfield. Kestrels and skylarks are among the birds that have replaced planes in the skies above.
Paralympic athlete David Weir is a Roundshaw resident. The postbox in Mollison Square was painted gold in honour of his multiple medal winning performances at the 2012 Paralympics. Weir has also been a regular competitor in the London Marathon, which he won for a record-equalling sixth time in April 2012.
Postcode area: Wallington SM6
* The picture of the Phoenix Centre on this page is adapted from an original photograph, copyright John Salmon, and the picture of Spitfire Close, Roundshaw, is adapted from an original photograph, copyright Craig Janes, both at Geograph Britain and Ireland, made available under the Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic Licence. Any subsequent reuse is hereby freely permitted under the terms of that licence.
The story of Fairlop and its mighty oak
At the heart of the East End, Whitechapel has a multicultural community and a famous hospital.
The Golden Boy of Pye Corner is supposed to warn Londoners of the fiery consequences of overeating.
At the south end of the Northern line, suburban Morden is graced by two islands of parkland.
Its iconic ‘wedding cake’ steeple makes St Bride’s Christopher Wren’s tallest City church.