Teddington, Richmond upon Thames
A large and comfortable Victorian and Edwardian suburb, located south of Twickenham
Teddington was first documented in the eleventh century, although it is not mentioned in Domesday Book. Its name probably derives from words meaning ‘farmstead of a man called Tuda’. In the Middle Ages the village grew near the river, around St Mary’s Church and the manor house.
The oldest main road ran along the route of the Twickenham Road and Kingston Road and connected the London–Hounslow road with the bridge from Hampton Wick to Kingston in 1219. There was a fishing weir on the Thames at Teddington between 1345 and c.1535. A road, now Waldegrave Road through to Park Road, probably came into existence to cater for traffic to Hampton Court, a royal palace from about 1525.
Some large houses were built as a result of the increasing popularity of nearby Richmond in the 17th and 18th centuries, the first probably in 1672. One of the few remaining is Elmfield House, which is now used by Richmond council.
By the 18th century the High Street was intermittently lined with houses and there was a separate little settlement in Park Road. The common land, which was part of Hounslow Heath, and the open fields to the north and south of the village were enclosed in 1800.
Visible on the right in the photograph above,* Teddington Lock was constructed in 1811 and marks the end of the tidal reach of the Thames. It was rebuilt with an additional side-lock in 1857.
The sale of the manorial estate and the opening of Teddington station in 1863 led to a deluge of middle-class housing being built, including at South Teddington. Small terraces went up between Stanley Road and Waldegrave Road, and Broad Street became a street of shops. Manor Road had been laid out in 1861 but the rest of that end of the high street, although it grew rapidly, was not so densely filled.
By 1871 the parish of Teddington had four times as many houses as it had had a decade earlier. Among the major buildings opened in the 1870s and 1880s were St Peter’s Church, a cottage hospital, a town hall and St Alban’s Church. Of these, only the churches survive, the latter as the Landmark Arts Centre. A footbridge over the lock replaced the ferry from 1889.
The National Physical Laboratory opened in 1902 (see also Bushy Park). Nowadays the laboratory is the UK’s principal national measurement institute and also collaborates with academia on a variety of research projects.
At present the NPL functions as a government-owned, contractor-operated facility but this arrangement will soon be superseded, possibly by some form of joint venture between government and a university (not necessarily a British one) or applied science organisation with an interest in investment in science and technology.
The coming of tram services in 1903 stimulated building around the Kingston Road area and by the outbreak of the First World War most of the existing streets and housing were in place.
Film-making began at Teddington Studios in 1912 and boomed after Warner Bros leased and then bought the operation in the 1930s, when Teddington was said to have produced 10 per cent of British films. The studios were substantially rebuilt after being bombed during the Second World War and subsequently switched to television productions. They closed in 2014, to be replaced by a couple of hundred flats.
Various commercial premises opened after the Second World War, primarily in the form of offices and workshops, and a council estate was built at Udney Park. Teddington business park opened in 1984 on the site of an old coal yard in Station Road. In recent years blocks of upmarket flats have been built wherever planning permission can be obtained.
Teddington’s population is predominantly white British, middle-aged and well-educated.
After receiving a legacy in 1857, RD Blackmore bought Gomer House, now demolished. He established a peach orchard here and wrote numerous novels, including the romantic adventure story Lorna Doone.
131 Waldegrave Road was the birthplace and childhood home of Noel Coward.
Postcode area: Teddington TW11
Population: 10,330 (2011 census)
Station: South West Trains (zone 6)
Further reading: Mike Cherry et al., Twickenham, Whitton, Teddington & The Hamptons Through Time, Amberley, 2009
and Ken Howe, Edwardian Teddington, History into Print, 2010