Warren Street, Camden
A 400-yard-long (originally) Georgian street running westwards off the northern end of Tottenham Court Road
In the latter part of the 18th century this was an unnamed track providing rear access to the newly built properties on what is now Euston Road.
Warren Street itself was laid out with three-storey terraces in 1799 by Charles Fitzroy, first Baron Southampton. Variations in architectural detail have led to suggestions that several speculative builders may have been involved in the project.
Fitzroy named the street after his wife, Anne Warren (1737–1807). She was the daughter of Admiral Sir Peter Warren, who founded New York’s Greenwich Village and gave his name to more than one Warren Street in America.
Like other parts of what is now north Fitzrovia, the new street soon became a popular place of residence for artists, especially engravers.
In the early 1880s the radical MP Sir Charles Dilke was accused of conducting an adulterous affair in a rented room on Warren Street. George Bernard Shaw later suggested that this scandal had inspired his choice of the protagonist’s name in his play Mrs Warren’s Profession.
The street’s Northern line station opened in 1907, originally as Euston Road, but this was changed to Warren Street within a year. The station’s 1930s stone façade is by Charles Holden. In 1967 Warren Street became the Victoria line’s southern terminus for the first three months of the line’s existence.
For much of the 20th century Warren Street was famed for its used car dealers, some of whom operated from showrooms while others simply sold dodgy motors parked on the pavement. Though trade was brisk, the street’s built environment deteriorated because upper floors were often left unoccupied. The dealers departed in the late 1950s and early 1960s.
Warren Street now possesses a diverse mixture of retailers and providers of professional services. Among the most noteworthy institutions are Tavistock Relationships and, at the corner of Fitzroy Street, Samuel French’s theatre bookshop (shown in the photograph on the right).
In March 2013 Camden council permanently closed Warren Street to through traffic, to prevent its use as a rat-run.
The mosaic murals on the Victoria line platforms at Warren Street feature a maze (in fact, a warren) created by Alan Fletcher. The labyrinth was designed to be hard to navigate in less than four minutes, thus setting a challenge to passengers: Can you escape before your train arrives?
Postal district: W1
Station: Northern and Victoria lines (zone 1)