A ‘major district centre’, second only within the borough to Bexleyheath, which lies to its east
Welling was first mentioned in 1362 as ‘Wellyngs’ and its name may have indicated the presence of a well or spring, or may derive from Ralph Willing, who held land in Bexley earlier in the century, but it is rarely clear in such cases whether the place name or the personal name came first.
Welling evolved as a coaching halt on the route to Dover. Inns like the Nag’s Head and Guy, Earl of Warwick were later joined by a ribbon development of premises belonging to craftsmen and tradesmen, behind which lay farms and market gardens.
From 1849 the North Kent Railway enabled farmers to deliver perishable produce quickly to the London markets. However, this was too early for the presence of a station to stimulate suburban housebuilding and Welling remained predominantly rural until the 1920s, with the exception of some high-class housing on the Belle Grove estate.
Between the wars a welter of large and small developers descended on Welling and its outlying farms, building low-cost houses for the lower middle classes and skilled working classes, notably at Falconwood. Welling station was rebuilt in enlarged form in 1931.
Welling’s shopping centre stretches for almost a mile along Bellegrove Road and includes around 300 outlets.
Shown in the photograph above right, a Russian cannon is on display at Welling Corner, in recollection of the accommodation formerly provided for Woolwich Arsenal workers at East Wickham, which Welling has now absorbed.
Welling achieved notoriety in the early 1990s as the home of the British National Party, which was blamed for an increase in racialist violence in this overwhelmingly white area.