The original Routemaster was the classic, double-decker, London bus with access via an open platform at the rear. It was designed by London Transport and built from 1954 by the Southall-based Associated Equipment Company and its sister business Park Royal Vehicles.
Routemaster production ceased in 1968, primarily because the bus was unsuitable for the more cost-effective system of one-person operation.
The musical duo Flanders and Swann famously dubbed the Routemaster the ‘monarch of the road’ in their song ‘Transport of Delight’ (1960):
“When cabbies try to pass us, before they overtakes,
My driver sticks his hand out and jams on all the brakes.
Them jackal taxi drivers can only swear and cuss
Behind that monarch of the road,
Observer of the Highway Code,
That big six-wheeler scarlet-painted London Transport diesel-engined 97-horsepower omnibus.”
For several decades the Routemaster was rivalled only by the black cab as a mobile emblem of the capital and was considered a vital prop in depictions of the city on postcards and in films.
In addition to the cost of employing the necessary conductor, the ageing nature of the fleet and concerns regarding the safety of the open platform and its accessibility to disabled users were major factors in its progressive removal from service in the late 20th and early 21st centuries.
The Routemaster was officially withdrawn from regular service on 9 December 2005.
Bendy buses controversially replaced the Routemaster on three of its former routes but on election to his first term as mayor of London in 2008, Boris Johnson declared his intention to do away with them. He launched a design competition to create a successor to the Routemaster that would be environmentally sensitive and accessible to all travellers. Built in Northern Ireland by Wrightbus, the ‘new bus for London’ went into service in February 2012 – beginning with route 38, which runs between Victoria and Hackney. A few months after Sadiq Khan replaced Boris Johnson as London’s mayor he dumped the ‘Boris bus’ because it is too expensive to produce.
Five original Routemasters continue to ply the number 15 ‘heritage route’ that takes in many of the capital’s best-known tourist destinations – and the vehicles can also be hired for special occasions