The Royal Exchange
The original exchange at Cornhill was founded by Sir Thomas Gresham, whose crest was a grasshopper. Opened by Elizabeth I in 1568, the building was modelled on the Bourse at Antwerp as a place for London merchants to transact their business. It burned down during the Great Fire of London and a new exchange was opened in 1670, but this was again destroyed by fire in 1838. It is said that before the bells fell they had chimed: ‘There’s nae luck aboot the hoose.’
The third building was designed by William Tite and opened by Queen Victoria in 1844. So far it has managed to avoid fiery disaster.
In 1939 the Exchange ceased its original function and the building was taken over by the Royal Exchange Assurance Corporation, which had occupied offices there since 1720. The London International Financial Futures Exchange (now NYSE Liffe) was based at the Royal Exchange from its inception in 1982 until its move to Cannon Bridge House in 1991.
The Royal Exchange was remodelled as a luxury shopping and dining mall in 2001. Jewellers, watchmakers and fashion accessory boutiques predominate and there are six cafés and restaurants.
“There is no place in the town which I so much love to frequent as the Royal Exchange. It gives me a secret satisfaction, and in some measure gratifies my vanity, as I am an Englishman, to see so rich an assembly of countrymen and foreigners consulting together upon the private business of mankind, and making this metropolis a kind of emporium for the whole earth.”
Joseph Addison, writing in The Spectator (19 May 1711)