A neo-classical mansion and its landscaped estate located to the north-east of Hampstead Heath, south of Hampstead Lane
Kenwood House began its existence in the early 17th century as the home of John Bill, the King’s Printer. Near the end of that century it was acquired and almost entirely demolished and rebuilt by William Brydges, Surveyor General of the Ordnance. In 1764 the house was remodelled to its present appearance by Robert Adam for William Murray, first Earl of Mansfield and a highly influential Lord Chief Justice.
A plaque marks the achievement of Sir Arthur Crosfield, who led a successful campaign after the First World War to save the Kenwood estate from housing development. The house itself was acquired from the Mansfield family by Edward Cecil Guinness, first Earl of Iveagh, who in 1927 bequeathed to the nation a collection of old master paintings, including a Rembrandt self-portrait, one of only five Vermeers in Britain, Gainsborough’s portrait of Countess Howe and works by Reynolds and Turner. The paintings are displayed at Kenwood.
Kenwood House and its grounds now belong to English Heritage. The park boasts a lake, a fine collection of trees and some of the most beautiful rhododendron gardens in London. There’s a kitchen garden too.
Lakeside concerts, traditionally of classical music, used to be held at Kenwood in the summer. However, noise complaints from some local residents and (primarily) the concerts’ increasing inability to turn a profit have resulted in their discontinuation.
Kenwood House recently reopened after restoration works that included urgent repairs to the roof and the exterior and a major re-presentation of the Robert Adam interiors.
The house has frequently served as a film location, including for scenes in 101 Dalmatians, Mansfield Park and Notting Hill.
Postal district: NW3
Further reading: Julius Bryant, Kenwood: Paintings in the Iveagh Bequest, Yale University Press, 2003
and John Carswell, The Saving of Kenwood and the Northern Heights, Aidan Ellis, 2001
Website: Kenwood House