Hackney Wick

Hackney Wick, Hackney/​Tower Hamlets

This hitherto run-down Leaside area, divided from the rest of Hackney by the East Cross Route, is presently exhibiting a flowering of cultural creativity

The White Building at dawn

A ‘wick’ often signified an outlying dairy farm and the ‘ferm of Wyk’ was recorded in the 13th century.

By the late 18th century the small hamlet had gained a silk factory and the Wick went on to play a distin­guished role in east London’s indus­trial history. The use of the word ‘petrol’ was pioneered in Hackney Wick – by Carless, Capel and Leonard, who carried on their refining business here for over a hundred years from 1860. Among the district’s many other claims to indus­trial fame, Matchbox toys were made at Lesney’s factories, Clarnico (Clarke, Nickolls and Coombs) was the country’s largest confec­tioner and the Lion Works housed activ­ities by the entre­preneur Achilles Serre, who intro­duced dry-cleaning to England.

However, the growth of industry contributed to social decline in Hackney Wick, which was described in 1879 as a district of 6,000 people who had sunk to the lowest depths, and it became notorious for its jerry-built housing. The parish church of St Mary of Eton with St Augustine was founded in 1880 by Eton College, which wanted to perform charitable work in a poor part of London.

From the 1930s the municipal author­ities set about improving condi­tions in Hackney Wick, opening public baths and a library and clearing slums to put up blocks of flats, notably in the 1960s. Several eyesores built during that period have already been torn down: St Mary’s Village has replaced the tower blocks of the Trowbridge estate with a mixed tenure devel­opment of houses and flats.

Hackney Wick did not gain its station (originally intended to be called Wallis Road) until 1980, when the North London line was reopened to passenger services, although it had earlier been served by a station at Victoria Park.

The Olympic stadium seen from Hackney Wick station in early 2012
The Olympic stadium and ArcelorMittal Orbit seen from Hackney Wick station

After a period of stagnation, several sites in Hackney Wick have recently been under­going regen­er­ation and the proximity of the Olympic Park has enhanced the local­ity’s appeal.

Numerous artists and designers have set up studios here – and in neigh­bouring Fish Island – in old warehouses and disused indus­trial premises – and a canal-side centre for art, technology and sustain­ab­ility called the White Building opened in 2012. It’s shown in the image at the top of this page.

The Wick’s new-found cultural effer­vesence is showcased in exhib­i­tions, open studios and curated events organised by the Hackney WickED community interest company.

Many homes in Hackney Wick are rented from a social landlord or from the council, and signi­ficant pockets of poverty persist in the locality. However, according to the Hackney Gazette, at least part of the Wick is now beginning to undergo ‘rampant gentri­fic­ation’ – which is often the stage that follows the arrival of a creative community.

Postal district: E9 and E15
Population: 11,734 (Hackney’s Wick ward, 2011 census)
Station: London Overground (Zone 2)
Further reading: Vicki Cattell and Mel Evans, Neighbourhood Images in East London: Social Capital and Social Networks on Two East London Estates, Joseph Rowntree Foundation, 1999


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