The former name of Coulsdon Town station
Smitham’s name was first recorded in 1331 as Smetheden, and derives from words meaning ‘smooth valley’. The floor of the valley was known as Smitham Bottom and was a desolate area in the 18th century, a haunt of highwaymen and a place of encampment for gypsies.
The Red Lion inn was in existence by 1735 and cricket matches and prize fights were later held on Lion Green. To the south-west Portnalls Farm was acquired in 1878 as the site for the New Surrey Lunatic Asylum, subsequently known as Cane Hill, and a few houses were built at Smitham soon afterwards.
When a station opens in a thinly populated place it usually bestows its name on the settlement that grows up around it. If not, the station’s name is changed to match the identity of its new catchment area. But when the railway arrived here in 1904 the ensuing township borrowed the identity of the established village of Coulsdon, which now calls itself Old Coulsdon, and yet the station was called Smitham until 2011, when the Department of Transport asked Southern Railway to change the name to Coulsdon Town to ‘reinforce the identity’ of the district, in response to lobbying by Croydon council and with the support of local residents.
The principal remaining user of the Smitham name is the well-regarded Smitham primary school on Portnalls Road. The school’s location is marked with a pin on the map below.