Islington Green, Islington
A small park located at the apex of Upper Street and Essex Road, generally thought of as the centre of Islington
Upper Street and Lower Street (as it was) were Islington’s principal thoroughfares from medieval times and the triangle of land at their junction formed an early focus. Archaeological excavations have revealed evidence of 15th-century tenements, demolished in the 17th century. By this time the triangle had become waste ground, especially popular for dumping dung.
The Marquess of Northampton, lord of the manor of Canonbury, granted the land to the vestry in 1777 and the green was cleared and enclosed with posts and rails. A watch house was built soon afterwards and trees were planted in 1808.
Several public houses had long stood around the green, notably the Fox at the north-west corner. Sam Collins established the Lansdowne Arms in 1851 and subsequently converted it into a music hall that gained the popular nickname ‘the chapel on the green’.
William Gladstone, then chancellor of the exchequer, unveiled a statue of Sir Hugh Myddelton on the green in 1862, commemorating his entrepreneurial feat in bringing fresh water to London via the New River.
Collins’s music hall was rebuilt in 1897. Later called the Islington Hippodrome, the building was irreparably damaged by fire in 1958. In 2009 a mixed-use development was built on the site with a theatre in the basement. Ten years later the theatre has yet to open and plans for it to do so were reported as being “under threat” in August 2019.
Funfairs are regularly set up on the green. The Screen on the Green is a well-established independent cinema, programming a mix of art-house and mainstream films.
Pupils from the fourth-form music class at Islington Green school sang the chorus to Pink Floyd’s ‘Another Brick in the Wall’ in 1979.
Postal district: N1