Sandy Heath

Sandy Heath, Camden

The part of Hampstead Heath that fills the angle formed by North End Way and Spaniards Road

Sandy Heath in winter

Sandy Heath’s name reflects its earlier character, before huge quant­ities of clay, sand and gravel were excavated in the 1860s for making bricks and laying railways – especially the Midland Railway Company’s line into St Pancras. The Illustrated London News vividly described the extraordinary extent of the extraction in 1871:

The very body of the earth has been cut away to an amazing depth … Holes are scooped out close to the high road thirty or forty feet deep, and big enough to bury the corpses of a nation for half a century … but ugly enough to deter the boldest survivor from approaching so ghastly a spot.”*

The destructive exploit­ation of the Claygate Beds and Bagshot Sands of Sandy Heath was authorised by Sir Thomas Maryon Wilson, the notori­ously rapacious lord of the manor who sold 21-year leases to the extractors.

Maryon Wilson’s persistent attempts to profit from his stewardship of the common land prompted the campaign that led to the Metropolitan Board of Works’ acquis­ition of Hampstead Heath in 1871.

Sandy Heath’s landscape is now low-lying and hummocky, with bogs and precip­itous hollows. The once despoiled terrain has been colonised by birch, beech and oak trees that provide a favourable habitat for nesting birds like long-tailed tits.

Hidden London: Iron Pan Ponds in winter

An inter­con­nected set of ponds in the middle of the heath is called Iron Pan Ponds** – also known collect­ively as Sandy Heath Pond.

Despite some steep climbs, Sandy Heath is popular with walkers and horse riders. A raised path formerly known as Rotten Row, but now an extension of Sandy Road, runs across the heath from North End to Spaniards End (or from the Old Bull and Bush to the Spaniards Inn, if you seek refreshment).

The route of the raised path is shown in the satellite image below. Volunteers from Heath Hands help with gorse management, so that all the paths remain passable.

Postal district: NW3


* Quoted in Deborah Wolton and David McDowall, Hampstead Heath, Frances Lincoln, 2007
** iron pan – a hard soil layer that is cemented with iron oxides and that usually consists of sand or sand and gravel (Merriam-Webster)