Pontoon Dock, Newham
A Docklands Light Railway station located in a soon-to-be-transformed part of West Silvertown
This was the site of a repair facility originally called the Victoria Graving Dock, built in the late 1850s on the south side of the Royal Victoria Dock, as it was later called.
Using an innovative system of hydraulic jacks, vessels were raised out of the water on pontoons, which were then drained of their ballast water and shunted into a finger dock for repair or overhaul. There were four of these splayed fingers at each end of the dock but most have now been filled with concrete.
By the end of the 19th century ships had become too big for the equipment to lift and the dock switched to handling grain imports. Massive silos were built on the quayside, into which grain was pumped by suction.
Several of the granaries and flour mills were damaged in the Silvertown explosion of 1917 and replaced in the years before the Second World War, notably by Spiller’s Millennium Mills (shown in the photograph above*) and the CWS Mill.
Most of the dockside buildings were demolished in the early 1990s during preparation for the creation of Silvertown Quays, an ambitious commercial and residential project that repeatedly failed to materialise. Just to the south, Pontoon Dock DLR station opened in December 2005.
In June 2013 the Mayor of London at last signed a development agreement for Silvertown Quays – with Chelsfield Properties and First Base, who were subsequently joined by infrastructure group Macquarie Capital. Their idea is to create “a 24/7 community of forward-looking brands, businesses and the people who create them.” The proposed scheme cleared its final planning hurdle in December 2015.
If all goes ahead as planned (which has not been the case with previous proposals here), the £3.5 billion project will include up to 3,000 new homes, plus lots of places for residents and brand creators to spend their money.
Given its protected status, the ‘D’ Silo will of course be retained: if you look carefully you can see it in the CGI vision on the right. A First Base director was quoted in the Evening Standard as saying that the Millennium Mills would be turned into commercial space that could be used by “people who can’t afford to be in Clerkenwell or King’s Cross any more because it is too expensive.”
Postcode area: E16
Station: Docklands Light Railway, Woolwich Arsenal branch (zone 3)