Also spelt as two words, Freezywater is a lacklustre residential locality stuck out on a limb in the north-east corner of Enfield, south of the M25
A farm called Freezwater [sic] was first recorded here in 1768, taking its name from a local pond that was lost when sewage works were built on Ramney Marsh. The bleakly exposed pond quickly froze over in cold weather, hence its name. In 1819 it was Freezy Water. The place name is nowadays usually spelt as one word, although not on Google’s map below.
Freezywater was one of the last parts of Enfield to attract the interest of builders or housebuyers. To the west of Hertford Road, the United Counties Land, Building and Investment Society acquired an estate near Freezywater Farm in 1881 and laid out Holly Road, Oakhurst Road, and Holmwood Road. A few houses had appeared by 1897 but other plots remained empty for decades.
The cavernous parish church of St George – shown in the photograph above* – and the neighbouring St George’s school were built in the early 1900s. The electric tramway route along Hertford Road reached Freezywater in 1907. Despite these amenities, growth remained slow and the establishment after the First World War of a new nursery (for raising fruit and vegetables, not children) indicated the continuing absence of demand. Freezywater eventually filled out with terraced and semi-detached houses in the decades following the Second World War.
The majority of Freezywater’s residents are white, although a growing minority come from black Caribbean and black African backgrounds. According to Ofsted in 2013, most of the pupils at Freezywater St George’s primary school were from minority ethnic groups and the proportion who speak English as an additional language was slightly above average.
The recently redeveloped area to the east is often considered to be part of the Enfield Lock locality – but it was the site of the eponymous frozen pond of Freezywater (though Freezywater Farm was on Hertford Road). It has been defined as a ‘strategic employment location’ but the council’s proposals to improve accessibility via a new (indirect) link to the M25 from Mollison Avenue were rejected at a public inquiry in 2002. Ramney Marsh sewage works have been replaced by the Innova business park, which was intended to be primarily an enterprise zone for science companies – hence street names like Kinetic Crescent and Velocity Way.
After a stuttering start, the Innova plan was revised to include proposals for social housing units and the Oasis academy, which opened in September 2007 in temporary accommodation and moved to a permanent building the following year. The academy’s name is not a glamorised version of ‘Freezywater’ but a reflection of its sponsorship by the Christian organisation Oasis.
The Innova Business Park’s Sony distribution centre was looted and destroyed by fire during the riots of August 2011. Prime minister David Cameron opened its replacement on the same site 13 months later.