Bush Hill, Enfield
A name occasionally used to distinguish the vicinity of the road called Bush Hill (much of which runs along the eastern edge of Bush Hill Park golf course) from the larger settlement of Bush Hill Park in southern Enfield
Few modern maps still make the distinction between Bush Hill and Bush Hill Park although the two were separate estates for several centuries. The former was the older of the pair but the latter was the first to be sold for development and became the site of a station bearing its name. As a result, most residents now consider the whole area to be Bush Hill Park.
Sir Hugh Myddelton acquired the Bush Hill estate while he was overseeing the creation of the New River and rebuilt Bush Hill House around 1609. His heirs seem to have sold the estate by 1650. By 1664 Bush Hill House was the largest residence in the parish, assessed for 31 hearths.
Just east of Bush Hill Road, a sluice house was built on a gantry straddling the New River in 1796. Sluice gates were operated from here to control the flow of water over the Bush Hill frame. The Bush Hill Sluice is now grade II listed.
Bush Hill House was recased in brick in the 1850s and leased to the shipping magnate Samuel Cunard.
At the end of the century the southern part of the estate was sold for development, while the house (by then called Halliwick) and its grounds became a girls’ boarding school. From 1911 the school catered specifically for disabled girls.
Housebuilding resumed in the Bush Hill area after the First World War with the laying out of the New River estate. The first houses in Sittingbourne Avenue and Faversham Avenue were occupied by 1926 and the modern appearance of the locality was largely fixed by the mid-1930s.
The council put up some housing in Halliwick’s grounds in the 1960s and the charity I CAN took over the college in 1985 but closed it in 1993. By this time the house had been rebuilt to such an extent that almost nothing of the original mansion remained and it was demolished to make way for Laing Homes’ Cunard Crescent.
Postal district: N21
* The picture of the late 18th century sluice, New River, Bush Hill, on this page is adapted from an original photograph, copyright Julian Osley, at Geograph Britain and Ireland, made available under the Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic Licence. Any subsequent reuse is hereby freely permitted under the terms of that licence.
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