Hale End, Waltham Forest
A socially diverse locality situated south of Highams Park and separated from Woodford by a thin stretch of Epping Forest
There was a Walter de la Hale living here in 1285 and a Thomas Hale in 1634. However, either could have taken their name from the place rather than vice versa, as a ‘hale’ meant a nook. An ‘end’ was an outlying place, and this was one of several ‘ends’ around Walthamstow.
There had been a clearing in the forest here since the time of Domesday Book and it was known as North End or Wood End until the present name established itself in the second half of the 17th century.
Hale End was built up after the opening in 1873 of what is now Highams Park station, which was originally called Hale End. Tottenham and Forest Gate Railway trains also began to serve the station in 1894, when it was renamed Highams Park and Hale End to publicise developments in the grounds of Highams, and this has resulted in a blurring of the identities of the two places.
With its improved communications, Hale End gained an industrial base, with an emphasis on what were then ‘high-tech’ products. British Xylonite bought the 50-acre Jack’s Farm in 1897 and began to make plastics here, later pioneering the manufacture of celluloid in this country. The company’s Halex-branded goods came to dominate markets as diverse as toothbrushes and table tennis balls. Other Hale End firms specialised in electronic and scientific products.
After the First World War Walthamstow council built the Hale estate, while industry was boosted by the arrival of the North Circular Road in the late 1920s and continued to flourish into the early 1960s.
Arsenal FC’s youth academy is based at Hale End sports ground on Wadham Road and is often simply called the Hale End academy. In March 2015 the club announced plans to add three more pitches here, accompanied by new changing rooms, education areas, landscaping and car parking. Click here for a Bing bird’s eye view of the site.
The Hale End area has a mainly white population, with relatively few young adults.
In 1909 two Latvian anarchists who had stolen wages from a factory in Tottenham were cornered in Hale End after a chase involving murders and tram and van hijackings. Both men shot themselves rather than surrender, one by the railway embankment beside Winchester Road and the other in a cottage on Oak Hill.
Postal district and postcode area: E4 and Woodford Green IG8
Population: 11,355 (Hale End and Highams Park ward, 2011 census)
Station: London Overground (Highams Park, zone 4)