New Addington, Croydon
A disadvantaged settlement situated in the far east of the borough of Croydon, set on a steep hillside rising into the North Downs by nearly 200 feet along its north-south axis
Domesday Book records that, “Albert the clerk holds of the king Addington. Osweard held it of King Edward. It was then assessed at eight hides; now at two. There is land for four ploughs … woodland for 20 pigs.” This was the manor later known as Addington Temple, which covered roughly the area of modern New Addington. It remained as farmland well into the 20th century.
In 1935 the First National Housing Trust acquired 569 acres of Fisher’s Farm to lay out a garden village. Croydon council supported the plan as a way of reducing the overcrowding in its semi-slum urban areas. Just over a thousand homes had been built by the time the outbreak of the Second World War brought construction to a halt.
After the war the need for more housing had become even more pressing, but there was also pressure to protect London’s countryside. The borough took over First National’s unused land and acquired a further 400 acres, while the land west of Lodge Lane was declared green belt. The plan was completed by 1963, but a continuing shortage of council homes prompted more construction five years later. This extension – the Fieldway estate – has become the most disadvantaged part of the district.
New Addington’s layout included generous open spaces, as shown in the photograph above. Some critics dismissed this as ‘prairie planning’ – arguing that the greenswards served only to inhibit a sense of community while providing little in the way of beautification or recreational facilities.
The centre of New Addington lies 2½ miles south of the nearest train station, at West Wickham, and about 4½ miles from the heart of Croydon. Its inaccessibility was a major reason for the creation of Croydon Tramlink, which arrived here in 2000.
Fieldway and New Addington are the borough’s first and second most deprived wards and are the principal recipients of its regeneration funds. A 2001 planning document declared the council’s aim to counter the perception that “if you come to live in New Addington, you’ve failed.”
According to BBC research, the New Addington and Fieldway wards voted ‘Leave’ by substantial margins in the 2016 EU referendum.
In August 2012 a week-long search for missing schoolgirl Tia Sharp culminated in the discovery of her body in the loft of her grandmother’s house in The Lindens, Fieldway. Stuart Hazell, the grandmother’s partner, pleaded to guilty murder at his Old Bailey trial in May 2013. He was sentenced to life imprisonment.
Croydon council subsequently demolished the house in which Tia had died, and those on either side. Two new council homes were built in their stead and the number of the house where the murder took place was not reused.
Postcode area: Croydon, CR0
Population: 22,280 (Fieldway and New Addington wards, 2011 census)
Tramstop: Tramlink Route 3 terminus
See also: Addington