Royal Albert Dock, Newham
One of the last remaining parts of London’s docklands not to have been wholly regenerated – but that’s all about to change
In response to the ever-increasing size of ships, which had become too big even for the neighbouring Victoria Dock, construction work began on the Albert Dock in 1875 and it was opened in 1880 by the Duke of Connaught on behalf of Queen Victoria. The quayside was lined with single-storey transit sheds rather than old-style warehouses and this was the first dock in London to be lit by electricity. As trade evolved, the dock began to specialise in chilled meats, bananas and tobacco. The Lower Gallions entrance was constructed in 1886 to compete with the threat posed by new docks being built by the East and West India Docks Company at Tilbury.
The Royal Albert Dock seamen’s hospital was established in 1890 as a branch of the Dreadnought seamen’s hospital, Greenwich. The London School of Tropical Medicine was founded at the hospital in 1899 and remained there until its relocation to Bloomsbury in 1920.
The Royal Albert Dock was damaged in the Second World War and did not fully reopen until 1956. With its closure in the early 1980s, almost all the buildings were demolished.
London City Airport was laid out on the south quay, office blocks replaced the former cold stores at the north-west corner and University of East London premises have been built at Cyprus. The dock itself is now used for rowing and regattas.
Despite prolonged efforts by the London Development Agency and Newham council to find a suitable investor, a significant stretch of the dockside south of Beckton Park station has long remained unregenerated. In 2013 Boris Johnson announced details of a deal with Advanced Business Parks (ABP) to transform this 35-acre site into a business district that would “forge new trade links with China and other economies in the Asia-Pacific region.”
Following a lengthy planning and consultation process, ABP plans to start work on the Asian Business District in early 2016 (using a Chinese construction company), delivering more than 600,000 square feet of office space before the end of the following year. The entire 4.7 million square feet scheme is expected to be completed by 2023, at an estimated cost of £1.7 billion.