Sands End, Hammersmith & Fulham

Fulham’s former industrial district, now the site of high-​​profile riverside developments

Queen Elizabeth Pub - now a hostel

Queen Elizabeth Hostel*

In the Middle Ages the western part of Sands End was occupied by Fulham town meadows, where villagers grazed their cattle on the marshes, while Sandford manor lay to the north-​​east. The manor came into the possession of Westminster Abbey during the reign of Henry VII. Its Elizabethan manor house became a saltpetre factory in 1762 and various other kinds of factory later, including a pottery and a bleach and die works.

As drainage was improved, orchards and market gardens appeared but these were gradually erased by riverside industries, starting with the Imperial gasworks in the 1820s. The Kensington Canal was cut across the district but proved unprof­itable and was later replaced by a railway line. Rows of terraced housing were laid out inland from 1870.

Fulham council built a power station in 1901 and a larger distri­bution centre in 1936. On Townmead Road Macfarlane Lang baked biscuits and Van den Bergh’s made margarine until the mid-​​1930s.

From the end of the Second World War the warehouses, works and wharves progressively closed down, leaving a wasteland by the 1980s. Many of the larger Victorian terraced houses were split into to flats. Shown in the photograph above,* the Queen Elizabeth – a public house at the corner of Bagleys Lane and Pearscroft Road – was converted to a youth hostel.

Sandford Manor House

Sandford Manor House

The council designated Sands End’s river frontage a conser­vation area in 1991 to protect it from unsym­pathetic devel­opment, following some early excrescences.

A Sainsbury’s superstore has filled the site of the power station, Chelsea Harbour has been created in place of a former coalyard and the huge Imperial Wharf devel­opment has replaced the Imperial gasworks. Other projects have included the Harbour Club and apartments at Regent on the River.

There’s more to come soon, including the demolition of the Carnwath Road industrial estate and its replacement with yet more upmarket residences.

Sandford manor house, which now stands on Rewell Street, has been conserved (but not restored to its original state) and converted to offices. The house is grade II* listed.

It is said that Nell Gwyn lived at Sandford manor house for a while, where Charles II visited her, but Nell was the sort of character who inspired many stories.

The essayist and politician Joseph Addison certainly lived at Sands End in the early 18th century, quite probably at the manor house.

Postal district: SW6
Population: 12,760 (2011 census)
Further reading: Francis Czucha, Old Sands End, Fulham, Stenlake, 2010
Website: Sands End Revisited


* The picture of The Queen Elizabeth public house on this page is adapted from an original photograph, copyright Nigel Cox, at Geograph Britain and Ireland, made available under the Attribution-​​ShareAlike 2.0 Generic Licence. Any subsequent reuse is hereby freely permitted under the terms of that licence. The picture of Sandford Manor House is lifted from Thomas Faulkner’s History of Fulham, digitised by Google.
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