Canada Water

Canada Water, Southwark

A former Rotherhithe dock that became a regeneration zone

geograph-5035688-by-Peter - Canada Water

Canada Dock was constructed in 1876 on the site of two former timber ponds and was the first major scheme of the Surrey Commercial Docks Company, an amalgam­ation of former rivals. The dock took its name from its special­isation in Anglo-Canadian trade.

The proximity of the East London Railway posed diffi­culties for the builders, who used enormous amounts of concrete to ensure that the line would never be flooded. Huge new warehouses were built alongside the new dock, each capable of holding 35,000 tons of grain.

In 1926 two neigh­bouring timber ponds were replaced by Quebec Dock, which was connected to Canada Dock.

East of Lower Road the Canada estate was built in 1962–4 on the site of a former chemical works. It consists of five ‘courts’ of 4-storey blocks – named Calgary, Edmonton, Manitoba, Niagara and Scotia – and two 21-storey towers – Columbia Point and Regina Point – which are visible centre and left in the photo­graph above.*

In the early 1980s, following the progressive closure of the Surrey Docks and their reinvention as Surrey Quays, all of Quebec Dock and most of Canada Dock were filled in. Surrey Quays shopping centre covered the bulk of the Canada Dock site and the Mast leisure park replaced the dock’s southern goods yard with a nine-screen cinema, bingo, ten-pin bowling and several ‘formula’ restaurants with an emphasis on American cuisine. The remaining northern portion of the dock was reduced in depth and reeds were planted to encourage waterfowl.

The Daily Mail Group’s Harmsworth Quays printing works was built on the site of Quebec Dock. Canada Water station opened in 1999, providing an inter­change between the East London line (now part of the London Overground network) and the newly-built Jubilee line extension.

Next came a major regen­er­ation project that has turned Canada Water into “a new town centre for Rotherhithe,” in a joint initi­ative by Southwark council and British Land. In addition to the usual mix of homes, commercial premises and a new public space, the scheme’s landmark feature is a library and culture space that opened in 2012 and is shown in the photo below.

Hidden London: Canada Water library by night by Barney Moss

The Canada estate’s towers have recently been eclipsed by Barratt’s 26-storey Ontario Point – seen on the right in the photo­graph at the top – the only new building in the regen­er­ation zone with any real height.

The former Mulberry business park site is presently being redeveloped by King’s College London to create 770 new student rooms, office space, affordable housing, retail units and a health care centre.

Beyond the joys of the library and culture space, the reborn Canada Water is by no means perfect, though there are plans for further improve­ments and refur­bishment. In a highly favourable Observer review of the library’s archi­tecture, Rowan Moore said of the wider area’s redevel­opment: “The quality most obviously lacking, apart from charm or delight, is coherence. You go from car park to reed bed to tin shed to a wooden bridge redolent of old Holland, without apparent logic.”

Harmsworth Quays doubles as Elliot Carver’s printing works in the James Bond film Tomorrow Never Dies.

Postal district: SE16
Station: Jubilee line and London Overground (zone 2)
Further reading: Evening Standard: Living in Canada Water
Website: Canada Water Campaign
* The picture entitled ‘Near Canada Water tube station’ at the top of this page is slightly modified from an original photograph, copyright Peter, at Geograph Britain and Ireland, made available under the Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic Licence. The picture of Canada Water library by night is slightly modified from an original photograph, copyright Barney Moss, at Flickr, made available under the Attribution 2.0 Generic licence. Any subsequent reuse is hereby freely permitted under the terms of those licences.