Dollis Hill, Brent
A multi-ethnic residential district situated between Neasden and Cricklewood, at one time known as Dollar’s Hill
The Dollis Hill name may be of 16th-century origin, and connected with a family called Dalley. Surprisingly, the etymology of nearby Dollis Brook may not be the same, although the spellings have converged owing to their geographical and orthographical proximity.
The 96-acre Gladstone Park, created in 1901, dominates the district. The park was once the grounds of Dollis Hill House, built in the early 19th century and frequently visited by Gladstone when Lord Aberdeen owned it. Mark Twain spent the summer here in 1900, writing that, “From the house you can see little but spacious stretches of hay-fields and green turf … Yet the massed, brick blocks of London are reachable in three minutes on a horse.”
Most of Dollis Hill’s undulating meadows were obliterated by suburban house-building before and after the First World War and this was an early place of migration for Jewish Londoners moving out of the East End. The progressively designed concrete synagogue opened in 1938. It is now in use as a school.
In 1934 the Post Office Engineering research station opened in Brook Road. Two War Cabinet meetings were held in the bomb-proofed basement of an outbuilding here and Winston Churchill briefly retained a flat at nearby Neville’s Court. The research station was the British base of the ‘innocent’ in Ian McEwan’s novel of that name. In the mid-1990s the property was sold to a developer who converted the main building into luxury flats and built a new housing estate on the rest of the site.
Dollis Hill House was badly damaged by fire in 1996 and various proposals for its restoration never came to fruition. Instead, Brent council demolished the building in the winter of 2011–12. The neighbouring walled garden is kept in good condition with flower displays changed three times a year, while the house’s stable block has a well-regarded café.
Dollis Hill has a very diverse mix of ethnicities/nationalities, as the table below shows. This includes an unusually large number of Irish residents, many of whom have ‘graduated’ here from districts like Kilburn and Harlesden.
|Ethnicity/Nationality||Population||Share of total|
|Asian or Asian British: Indian||1,532||11.4%|
|Black or Black British: African||1,423||10.6%|
|Asian or Asian British: Pakistani||1,135||8.5%|
|Black or Black British: Caribbean||896||6.7%|
Postal districts: NW2 and NW10
Population: 13,425 (2011 census)
Station: Jubilee line (zone 3)
Further reading: MC Barrès-Baker, Cricklewood and Dollis Hill, Grange Museum of Community History and Brent Archive, 2001