Brook Green

Brook Green, Hammersmith & Fulham

Hammersmith’s sought-after north-eastern corner takes its name from a narrow, wedge-shaped green that was traversed by a brook running south from Shepherd’s Bush

geograph-4834755-by-Peter-McDermott - Brook Green - 664

Brook Green’s water­course was called the Black Bull Ditch, after an inn that it passed. Almshouses were built on the south side of the green in 1629. With the aim of saving girls “from the deluge of vice,” Mrs Francis Carpue estab­lished a school in 1760 that later evolved to become St Mary’s Roman Catholic College.

Brook Green was formerly marshy and cont­a­m­i­nated by waste that ran off nearby brick­fields but orchards were planted following improve­ments in drainage. An annual fair was held from 1800 but it became too rowdy and was banned after 1823.

Holy Trinity Catholic church was built in 1851–3 on the south side of the green’s eastern end. The architect was William Wardell.

Cheap terraced houses were built to the east of the green and were prin­ci­pally occupied by Irish labourers. The Kens­ington Gazette called the area a ‘rookery’. Cholera broke out in 1859. The houses that filled the area over the rest of the century were of better quality and although their archi­tec­ture is varied the overall effect is harmonious.

Meanwhile, Brook Green main­tained its popu­larity with benev­o­lent insti­tu­tions; William and Catherine Booth began the work of the Salvation Army in a small house on the green, St Paul’s school relocated here and its trustees, the Mercers’ Company, later added a girls’ school.

Brook Green Hotel
Brook Green Hotel*

The Hammer­smith and West Kens­ington synagogue opened midway along the north side of the green in 1890. The building was enlarged in 1896 and is now the worship and ministry centre of the Chinese church in London.

Caterers J Lyons expanded their Cadby Hall factory to take over the buildings of St Mary’s College in 1925, paying enough to enable the college to buy magnif­i­cent premises at Straw­berry Hill. St Paul’s School (for boys) moved to Castelnau in 1968 but the girls’ school has remained here.

The Lyons site was rede­vel­oped in the early 1980s, with offices on Hammer­smith Road and expensive houses and flats behind. The former Osram lamp factory has been converted into a Tesco super­market, accom­pa­nied by Peabody housing. Several large companies have offices in or around Brook Green.

Shown in the photo above right,* Young’s Brook Green Hotel was exten­sively refur­bished in 2015–16 and now has a cocktail bar in the basement and 17 ‘boutique bedrooms’ on the upper floors.

Residents of the ward of Avonmore and Brook Green are rela­tively likely to be young, unmarried, living alone and qualified to degree level or higher.

The most illustrious member of staff at St Paul’s Girls’ School has been Gustav Holst, who was director of music from 1905 until his death in 1934. Holst wrote the Brook Green Suite for the school’s junior orchestra. It is a suite for strings, consisting of a prelude, air, and dance.

Brook Green was home to the Victorian actor Sir Henry Irving.

Postal district: W6
Population: 12,216 (Avonmore and Brook Green ward, 2011 census)
* The picture of Brook Green, at the top of this page is a slightly modified version of an original photograph, copyright Peter McDermott, and the picture of the Brook Green Hotel is adapted from a photograph, copyright Phillip Perry, both at Geograph Britain and Ireland, made available under the Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic Licence. Any subsequent reuse is hereby freely permitted under the terms of that licence.