Jamaica Road

Jamaica Road, Southwark

Except for a one-way section at its far western end, Jamaica Road is a long stretch of dual carriageway snaking across north Bermondsey, parallel with the Thames

Hidden London: looking up at one of Jamaica Road's lamp posts
One of Jamaica Road’s lovely lamp posts

The road came into existence in the second half of the 18th century, when it was called (Bermondsey) New Road. Its present identity derives from the trade that was carried on with Jamaica at the nearby docks, stocking ‘London’s larder’ with provisions.

The Salmon Youth Centre on Old Jamaica Road takes its name from the Reverend Harold ‘Pa’ Salmon, who founded the Cambridge Medical Mission Settle­ment on Jamaica Road in 1907, when slum housing filled much of the vicinity and many residents lived in poverty and suffered poor health as a conse­quence. Later called the Cambridge Univer­sity Mission, many of its early staff were Christian under­grad­uate volun­teers, often medical students.

The Most Holy Roman Catholic Trinity Church, in the angle of Jamaica Road and Dockhead, was rebuilt in 1960 after its prede­cessor, which had stood for more than a century, was destroyed by a V2 rocket in 1945. The neigh­bouring Convent of Mercy was rebuilt at the same time.

A handful of terraced houses survive on Jamaica Road from the early 19th century but the majority of the area was rede­vel­oped with blocks of flats in the 1950s and 60s. The biggest project was the Dickens estate, west of George Row. Most of the area’s blocks are five- or seven-storeys tall. On the south side of Jamaica Road, the 22-storey Casby House, completed in 1964, sticks out like a sore thumb.

Housing asso­ci­a­tions have taken up where the municipal author­i­ties left off, building flats and small houses, espe­cially south of Jamaica Road.

Designed by Ian Ritchie Archi­tects and built in stainless steel and concrete, Bermondsey Jubilee line station opened in 1999, a little to the east of Jamaica Road’s midway point.

Unin­flu­enced by its name, Jamaica Road remained a predom­i­nantly white British part of south London long after districts like Peckham and Brixton had become multira­cial commu­ni­ties. Nowadays, the popu­la­tion of the main local ward, Riverside, is 48 per cent white British – still rela­tively high compared with the rest of the borough, except Dulwich. The next most numerous ethnic sub-group is of black African birth or descent.

In Bram Stoker’s Dracula, the Count has six ominous boxes of Transylvanian earth delivered to an address in Jamaica Lane, Bermondsey – by which the author presumably meant Jamaica Road or one of its sidestreets.

Postal districts: SE16 and SE1
Population: 14,390 (Riverside ward, 2011 census)
Station: Jubilee line (Bermondsey, zone 2)