Kevington, Bromley

Although situated just a mile to the south-east of urban St Mary Cray, Kevington (also spelt Kevingtown) is a rural hamlet, with farms, nurseries and old cottages

Kevington Hall and Kevington hamlet sign

The name may come from Old English words meaning ‘place on a small hill’ or it may have related to a landowner named Cyfa. The Ordnance Survey map of 1876 shows Keving­town and Kevington as two separate places – the former at the top of the hill, the latter on its western slope – but this could have been the conse­quence of some carto­graphic confusion.

The manor of Kevington was in the hands of the related Manning and Onslow families from the late Middle Ages to the mid-18th century, when Middleton Onslow sold it to Herman Behrens (or Berens), a City merchant from Amsterdam who commis­sioned the construc­tion of Kevington Hall (c.1767–9), which is shown in the photo­graph above.*

Completed in 1769, the house is – at least in part – the work of Sir Robert Taylor, who was also respon­sible for Danson House and for the enlarge­ment of the Bank of England. Behrens imported the building materials from around Europe: the red clinker bricks came from Amsterdam, tiles from Heidel­berg and marble from Livorno.

Behrens’s descen­dants held the property until the Second World War, when the govern­ment requi­si­tioned it to accom­mo­date Canadian troops. After­wards, Kent county council used the hall as a primary school until the early 1980s.

Now privately owned, Kevington Hall has been dili­gently restored and is sometimes for private functions available for conducted group tours by arrange­ment. It’s sometimes opened to the public as one of the delights of the Open House London weekend.

Next door to Kevington Hall, Shawcroft special school was designed by Sir Roger Walters of the GLC archi­tects’ depart­ment and built in 1974 in a woodland setting. Shawcroft is now Kent House – a commer­cially run hospital and school that cares for and educates young people (aged 12–18) who have behav­ioural or psycho­log­ical difficulties.

The hamlet lacks any amenities for residents or visitors and the former Kevington Arms (as it was in the 17th century) is now a pricy house called Blueberry Farm.

Postcode area: Orpington, BR5


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* The picture of Kevington Hall on this page is adapted from an original photograph, copyright Ian Capper, at Geograph Britain and Ireland, made available under the Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic Licence. Any subsequent reuse is freely permitted under the terms of that licence. The picture of the Kevington hamlet sign is by Hidden London.