Perivale

Perivale, Ealing

An industrial and residential area in east Greenford, bounded by the River Brent and the Paddington branch of the Grand Union Canal

Lloyd's Bank, 3 Teignmouth Parade, Ewan Munro

Perivale was orig­i­nal­ly Green­ford Par­va, or Lit­tle Green­ford, and the name may be a cor­rup­tion of Par­va. Alter­na­tive­ly it may derive from ‘pure vale’ or ‘pear vale’. Sto­ries have been told of a sequence of mys­te­ri­ous deaths at the medieval Perivale Mill but there is lit­tle doc­u­men­tary evi­dence even for the mill’s exis­tence.

Perivale’s grade I list­ed church of St Mary the Vir­gin is one of the quaint­est and old­est church­es in Mid­dle­sex, with its var­i­ous parts dat­ing from most cen­turies since the twelfth. The church closed for reg­u­lar wor­ship in 1972 and is now cared for by a group of vol­un­teers who organ­ise cham­ber and instru­men­tal con­certs here.

St Mary the Virgin, Perivale
Perivale’s ancient church of St Mary the Vir­gin

The manor of Perivale evolved in the late Mid­dle Ages, with links to the Mer­cers’ Com­pa­ny of the City of Lon­don.

The manor house was demol­ished by 1850 and Perivale remained very qui­et into the ear­ly years of the 20th cen­tu­ry. The sta­tion opened in 1904 but the vil­lage still had few­er than 100 inhab­i­tants by the time of next cen­sus.

After 1930 the avail­abil­i­ty of open land and the com­ing of the West­ern Avenue brought man­u­fac­tur­ers that includ­ed Sanderson’s (wall­pa­per) and Hoover (vac­u­um clean­ers). Res­i­den­tial estates fol­lowed, notably Perivale Park, built to the west of the sta­tion by Clif­fords Estates, who boast­ed of its 20 dif­fer­ent styles of ele­va­tion.

Devel­op­ments to the north of the indus­tri­al area includ­ed local shops on Bil­ton Road. By 1951 Perivale’s pop­u­la­tion had risen to almost 10,000.

Nowa­days, 46 per cent of Perivale’s res­i­dents are white, and a quar­ter of those are Pol­ish (Green­ford is Lon­don’s Lit­tle War­saw). Fif­teen per cent of all res­i­dents are of Indi­an birth or descent. In most respects, Perivale’s socio-eco­nom­ic pro­file is rep­re­sen­ta­tive of the bor­ough as a whole, but a lit­tle more afflu­ent.

Perivale Wood is ancient woodland formerly known as Braddish Wood, and privately owned by the Selborne Society. This is the second oldest nature reserve in the country but is only open to the public on occasional days.

Postal district: Greenford, UB6
Population: 15,339 (2011 census)
Station: Central line (zone 4)
Further reading: Frances Hounsell, Greenford, Northolt and Perivale Past, Historical Publications, 1999
See also: Horsenden Hill

 

The picture of Lloyd’s Bank on this page is adapted from an original photograph, copyright Ewan Munro, at Flickr, made available under the Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic Licence. Any subsequent reuse is hereby freely permitted under the terms of that licence.