Edmonton Green

Edmonton Green, Enfield

The focal point of Lower Edmonton, situated at the junction of Church Street, Hertford Road and Fore Street (earlier called Duck Lane here)

geograph-4738468-by-Christine-Matthews - Edmonton Tower Blocks

Hous­es appeared around Edmon­ton Green from the late 17th cen­tu­ry and whol­ly encir­cled it in the fol­low­ing cen­tu­ry. Fairs were held on the green and menageries were exhib­it­ed here.

A sta­tion opened in 1849 and the sur­round­ing area was built up in the 1880s and 1890s. By the 1930s Edmon­ton Green had become a major shop­ping des­ti­na­tion, draw­ing vis­i­tors from a wide catch­ment area.

In the mid-1960s the new­ly formed Enfield coun­cil took over a project planned by its Edmon­ton pre­de­ces­sor, sweep­ing away ‘sub­stan­dard’ Vic­to­ri­an hous­ing and build­ing a shop­ping cen­tre, munic­i­pal hous­ing and var­i­ous ameni­ties. The plan orig­i­nal­ly includ­ed a new civic cen­tre but this ele­ment was sub­se­quent­ly aban­doned. Shown in the long-dis­tance pho­to­graph above,* the three 25-storey blocks of the Edmon­ton Green estate – Grampian House, Mendip House and Pen­nine House – were com­plet­ed in 1972.

Edmon­ton Green was the largest munic­i­pal­ly owned shop­ping cen­tre in Lon­don but by the end of the 20th cen­tu­ry found itself los­ing out to com­pe­ti­tion at Wood Green, Waltham­stow and fur­ther afield, while Enfield Town and South­gate became more appeal­ing to com­mer­cial investors with­in the bor­ough. The close prox­im­i­ty of high-rise flats to mul­ti-storey car parks proved an encour­age­ment to crime.

Hidden London: Old and new blocks in regenerated Edmonton Green

Over the first decade of the 21st cen­tu­ry, in one of the largest mixed-use schemes of its kind, Enfield coun­cil worked with a prop­er­ty devel­op­er and a hous­ing asso­ci­a­tion to whol­ly rede­vel­op the main facil­i­ties at Edmon­ton Green and the neigh­bour­ing hous­ing.

The £120 mil­lion project involved the replace­ment of the exist­ing leisure cen­tre, and the con­struc­tion of new shop­ping mall, Asda super­mar­ket, pri­ma­ry care cen­tre and bus sta­tion. The Green Hori­zons hous­ing asso­ci­a­tion pro­vid­ed 750 new and 650 refur­bished homes.

Edmon­ton Green is the most deprived ward in Enfield by most mea­sures. It has the high­est pro­por­tion of coun­cil hous­ing of any ward, an eth­ni­cal­ly diverse pop­u­la­tion and high lev­els of unem­ploy­ment and crime.

A footbridge that led to nowhere in the old shopping centre was made famous by Michael Crawford as a roller-skating Frank Spencer in an episode of the 1970s television sitcom Some Mothers do ’Ave ’Em.

Postal district: N9
Population: 15,103
Station: London Overground (zone 4)
The picture of Edmonton Tower Blocks as seen from near Williams Wood, Trent Park, Enfield, at the top of this page is adapted from an original photograph, copyright Christine Matthews, at Geograph Britain and Ireland, made available under the Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic Licence. Any subsequent reuse is freely permitted under the terms of that licence.