Wanstead, Redbridge

An attractive suburban village situated north-east of Leytonstone

Linda Hartley - Christ Church Wanstead

In prehis­toric times this was a coastal area and archae­o­log­ical inves­ti­ga­tion has revealed evidence of Palae­olithic as well as (much later, obviously) Roman habi­ta­tion. The name of Wanstead, which may have meant ‘white house’ or ‘house on the wen-shaped hill’ or ‘place where wagons are kept’, was first recorded in 824 and there was a woodland hamlet here by 1100.

Early settle­ment was confined to the vicinity of the manor house at what became Wanstead Park, with its nearby church of St Mary. Neigh­bouring farms progres­sively turned to market gardening as access to London improved. The village began to attract wealthy residents from the mid-18th century, consid­er­ably later than places such as Woodford. When the church was rebuilt in its present form in 1790 there were just 120 houses here, four-fifths of which were gentry-owned.

High-class suburban devel­op­ment began to the north around 1860, after the opening of a station at Snares­brook. Visible in the photo above,* Christ Church was conse­crated in 1861 and enlarged a few years later.

Diamond Jubilee fountain

Wanstead’s drinking fountain was built to celebrate Queen Victo­ria’s diamond jubilee and has been moved several times as the road has been widened.

More afford­able estates were laid out in the south of the parish at Cann Hall and Alder­s­brook around the turn of the century but in Wanstead itself builders continued to erect substan­tial houses until the outbreak of the First World War.

Smaller prop­er­ties appeared after the war as devel­opers sought to make the most of the few remaining plots.

The construc­tion of the Eastern Avenue in the mid-1920s and the sale of Nightin­gale Farm in the late 1930s brought housing to the east and far north respectively.

After the Second World War and the opening of Wanstead station in 1947, construc­tion was limited to the replace­ment of several hundred bomb-damaged houses, followed by later infilling and the construc­tion of small blocks of flats in place of some of the largest old houses.

The High Street was rede­vel­oped from the early 1970s, when many of its older buildings were demol­ished. Despite the plain appear­ance of the newer premises, the street retains a villagey air, aided by the presence of a large green on the west side.

The rerouting of the A12 to provide a better link to the M11 neces­si­tated some demo­li­tion and tree-felling in the mid-1990s, in the face of active resis­tance by conservationists.

A ‘best London village’ award in 2002 reflected the wealth of green space on Wanstead’s doorstep, its well-preserved Victorian resi­dences and – at the time – its value for money, although this has since become less evident. Most residents are white, middle-aged home­owners, but younger profes­sionals have also been choosing to move here if they can afford it.

Wanstead’s residents have included the dramatist RB Sheridan, the politician George Canning and the poet Thomas Hood – who all lived at a variety of addresses in the London area – and William Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania.

Postal district: E11
Population: 11,543 (2011 census)
Station: Central line (zone 4)
Website: Parish of Wanstead: History
Further reading: Ian Dowling and Nick Harris, Wanstead and Woodford, Tempus, 1995
See also: Wanstead Flats
* The picture of Christ Church Wanstead at the top of this page is cropped from an original photograph at Flickr, copyright Linda Hartley, made available under the Attribution 2.0 Generic licence. Any subsequent reuse is freely permitted under the terms of that licence.